Acne is a type of skin condition that occurs on many people – women and men, especially those with oily skin. It can negatively affect the outlook of a person if it appears on the face and/or neck.
In 2015, acne was estimated to have affected 633 million people globally regardless of several factors such as age, race or skin type, making it the 8th most common disease in the world.
In the US as of June 2018, around 50 million people have acne, where 15% of these have a kind of acne bad enough that it resulted to acne scarring.
In order to understand acne, acne types, symptoms and treatment, you first need to understand how acne is formed. This Acne 101 guideline will give you all the information you need to have a better understanding of it in general!
Every hair follicle on the human skin emerges from a pore. The tiny dots on the surface of your skin are actually pores or openings of hair follicles.
Wherever there is a strand of hair, there is a pore. Accordingly, pores connect to the sebaceous glands which produce sebum. This sebum protects our skin from microbial infections and keeps it moisturized.
Removing acne blackheads and whiteheads forcefully can increase the size of skin pores. Pores are more visible on the face because that’s where the sebaceous glands are larger and bigger.
What Causes Acne
Acne is caused by a testosterone hormone (present in both women and men) stimulating the sebaceous glands in the skin to enlarge and produce oil which can block skin pores.
Basically, all types of acne are developed the same way: when sebum (oil) under the skin are trapped by hair follicles in the skin pores.
When this clogged oil builds up and is trapped under the skin, it subsequently becomes infected with bacteria. This makes the skin pore enlarged and bulged outward to form acne.
Acne is usually common at the onset of puberty, although there are some forms of acne that occur before puberty.
Women can be affected by body hormonal changes brought about by medications, childbirth, and menopause.
Types of Acne
There are different types of acne with different causes and treatments. The different kinds of acne also range from mild to severe forms. Knowing the type you have can easily help you deal with the acne problem most effectively.
The different types of acne include the following:
This type of acne is the most common and can be mild (non-inflammatory), moderate or severe (inflammatory). Mild acne vulgaris is characterized by blackheads, whiteheads, papules, and pustules.
Mild acne vulgaris can easily be treated with natural home remedies such as oatmeal masks, or with over-the-counter (OTC) treatments. Also, moderate to severe acne vulgaris is characterized by the presence of very painful nodules and cysts.
This type of acne is arguably the most severe form of acne and usually affects males. It comes with widespread blackheads and larger interconnected lesions. It is best treated by isotretinoin, although there is still the possibility of severe scarring even after treatment.
The severity of this type of acne problem is similar to that of acne conglobate, except that acne fulminans usually occurs abruptly on younger males. This type of acne comes with recurring fever and aching joints. The good news is that a strong treatment of isotretinoin works well to eliminate it.
This is a rare kind of acne. It is a cystic acne and comes with pustules and cysts. Gram-negative folliculitis usually occurs as a result of the long term antibiotic treatment of acne vulgaris. Isotretinoin is effective enough to get rid of it.
This type of acne usually occurs among women between 20 and 40 years old. It comes with painful nodules, sores and pustules. It does not usually last longer than a year, and can also be treated with isotretinoin.
The acne rosacea commonly manifests in the form of a red rash on the face – forehead, nose, cheeks; neck and skin. The red rashes come with spots like those with acne vulgaris, except that it is in dark spots like a form of blackheads. Women above 30 years mainly suffer from this type of acne, and can usually be treated with acne medication products that contain benzoyl peroxide or salicylic acid.
Habits that Increase and/or Decrease Acne
There are some habits that can help increase or decrease acne. They include:
- Stress: This can increase testosterone production which increases acne.
- Diet: A healthy diet (especially foods containing zinc) can help reduce acne.
- Drugs: Taking some drugs such as steroids can worsen the acne condition.
- Exercise: Exercise helps reduce stress, hence avoiding testosterone production.
- Pimple popping: This habit can worsen acne and may lead to skin lesions, swelling, redness, and inflammation. It’s best you get a pimple popper tool!
Salicylic acid vs. Benzoyl peroxide
Both salicylic acid and benzoyl peroxide are the most commonly used ingredients for the effective treatment of acne. While benzoyl peroxide treats acne by drying and exfoliating the surface of the skin, salicylic acid is able to penetrate deeply into the skin pores.
There are several myths related to acne. The most common is the belief that exposing the skin to sunlight can help dry acne. The fact is exposing acne to sunlight excessively burns your skin, potentially worsening the acne.
Acne is also not caused by makeup, although some cosmetics can worsen acne. Dirt or foods cannot cause acne, although the American Academy of Dermatology explains that a healthy diet is crucial to having a healthy skin.
One of the best acne treatment products available out there is the Truly Clear acne soap bar. A one-step solution for effective acne treatment, the Truly Clear soap delivers what it promises. Truly Clear is formulated with the best natural and organic ingredients that penetrate the skin, unclog skin pores and release sebum oil.
The one step bar is very simple to use (less than 5 minutes to apply) and clears out the acne-causing bacteria quickly. For those who love to clean their face and body with a soap bar, the Truly Clear antibacterial acne formula is your best bet.
With a natural ingredients composition of 98.4245%, you get the best acne treatment formula in just one bar. It can be used as a face wash or body wash.
Some of the key ingredients of the Truly Clear acne soap bar include:
- Salicylic acid: Dislodges any dead skins cells to get rid of the acne bacteria within. This helps reduce the likelihood of future acne breakouts
- Cocoate: Clears pollutants under and on the skin while moisturizing
- Tocopheryl Acetate: Neutralizes free radicals which damage cells
- Sericin: Helps improve skin elasticity and anti-aging factors
- Aloe Barbadensis: serves as an anti-inflammatory to help soothe the skin
- Acai Berry & Goji Berry: Fight inflammation and improve skin tone
- Maltodextrin: Helps neutralizes skin irritation
- Citric Acid: Helps eliminate acne, dark spot pigmentation and clogged pores
- Euterpe Oleracea Fruit Extract: Moistures and regenerates the skin
- Lycium Barbarum Fruit Extract: An antioxidant and skin softening agent
How Truly Clear works:
- Calms Your Skin
- Stops Acne
- Heals your skin
Truly Clear also and can be applied anywhere acne is present: face, chest, back, and body.
A membership is available for automatic redelivery of your favorite acne solution! Truly Clear comes with a 60-day money back guarantee.